Alberta Politics

Alberta threatens to turn off the taps to BC as the Trans Mountain pipeline dispute continues

With little appearing to have changed after Sunday’s pipeline summit in Ottawa, the political dispute over Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain Pipeline continues to escalate.

Marg McCuaig Boyd (photo by Connor Mah)
Marg McCuaig Boyd (photo by Connor Mah)

In Edmonton today, Alberta Energy Minister Marg McCuaig-Boyd introduced Bill 12: Preserving Canada’s Economic Prosperity Act. The bill would give the Minister of Energy sweeping powers to “make an order directing an operator to cease transporting natural gas, crude oil or refined fuels in the operator’s provincial pipeline, or by the operator’s railway or commercial vehicle.”

It makes February’s wine boycott sound cute.

Use of the powers included in Bill 12 could have serious political and economic consequences for Alberta and BC. Ceasing the transport of oil and gas to BC could convince BC Premier John Horgan’s government to back down from its opposition to the pipeline expansion, but it could also backfire by escalating political tensions between the two provincial governments.

There is a little bit of irony in the Alberta government granting itself the powers to slow down the shipment of oil and gas to BC. The BC government’s initial move to limit shipments of diluted bitumen 11 weeks ago, a move Notley then described as unconstitutional, is what escalated the current political dispute between the two provinces.

It is not clear whether Premier Rachel Notley‘s government would actually ever use the powers include in Bill 12. But at the rate this political dispute is escalating, I would not be surprised if McCuaig-Boyd started threatening to turn off the taps by next week. It feels very Lougheedian, but without the $100/barrel oil.

David Swann Liberal MLA Calgary-Mountain View
David Swann

Bill 12 will likely get unanimous support from the Jason Kenney-led opposition, leaving Alberta’s lone Liberal MLA as its only critic in the Assembly.

“The NDP Government wants extraordinary powers to interfere with the oil and gas industry but won’t provide specifics or limitations on those new powers,” said Calgary-Mountain View Liberal MLA David Swann, criticizing the the lack of details in Bill 12.

BC Environment Minister George Heyman says his government could take the Alberta government to court over Bill 12. “I’m not counting on Alberta taking extreme or unlawful actions, but if they do, we’re prepared to defend British Columbia’s interests with every legal means available,” Heyman said.

Hogan says his government will continue with its legal case to determine if the province has the jurisdictional right to stop the project. But it is unlikely the court will rule on this case before the May 31, 2018 deadline imposed by Texas-based Kinder Morgan Inc., which succeeded in generating a quick response from the Alberta and federal government.

A political dispute, not a constitutional crisis or a broken country.

As the political rhetoric runs high, it is important to take a deep breath. We are not on the verge of a constitutional crisis, as Notley has suggested. The country is not broken, as Kenney suggested. And we do not need to call in the army to protect the pipeline from eco-terrorists, as former Alberta energy minster Rick Orman suggested on CBC radio this morning.

As David Moscrop wrote in Macleans last week:

“What we’re seeing with the Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain pipeline debate is democracy, federalism, and the rule of law at work: a divided country working out their opinions on the matter, split jurisdiction actors pursuing their interests, responsive governments keeping their promises, political and legal battles across several sites of licit contestation—and, to boot, a market response of potentially pulling the plug on the project as shareholders vote with their confidence and their dollars.”

BC MPs face civil contempt charges over acts of civil disobedience

Meanwhile, Green Party leader and Sannich-Gulf Islands Member of Parliament Elizabeth May and NDP MP Kennedy Stewart face criminal contempt charges after entering a 5-meter ‘no-protest’ zone surrounding Kinder Morgan’s pipeline construction site on Burnaby Mountain. A conviction will not necessarily lead to the two MPs losing their seats in the House of Commons.

Section 750(1) of the Criminal Code, which applies to members of both the Senate and the House, stipulates the following:

Where a person is convicted of an indictable offence for which the person is sentenced to imprisonment for two years or more and holds, at the time that person is convicted, an office under the Crown or other public employment, the office or employment forthwith becomes vacant.

5 replies on “Alberta threatens to turn off the taps to BC as the Trans Mountain pipeline dispute continues”

Hey Dave!

I’m slightly confused on your analysis of Bill 12. I think you’re suggesting that this bill may be unconstitutional, although I could be wrong. I thought Alberta already had the power to restrict oil and gas. I thought that power was granted under Peter Lougheed when he restricted natural gas to Ontario.
Could you explain this to me, please?

Thanks so much!

I believe Lougheed restricted exports by quantity not by target Province. IE he limited the total amount but in no way legislated or commanded Ontario not having any even though that was the clear target and everyone knew it.

Whether or not Lougheed’s actions were Constitutional is itself still up for debate, but clearly singling out another Province almost certainly isn’t. I think that’s actually the point; BC’s actions may not be Constitutional (in targeting Alberta, and attempting to override federal jurisdiction) so Alberta also taking a potentially non-Constitutional step is meant to illuminate that point. Not sure if it’ll work.

I can’t see how that would possibly be legal (Alberta limiting exports in a targeted fashion) but BC limiting imports in a targeted fashion wouldn’t be. It also sets a dangerous precedent if it’s allowed to go through; what happens next time? When writing laws like this governments really need to consider what the next party might do with them.

It is a bit ironic that BC, which started the effort to stretch the constitutional limits of its powers by using tools it may or may not have, in an effort to drag things out through the courts is now threatening to take Alberta to court.

Will they be successful? Maybe, or maybe not. Also will BC motorists just patiently pay much higher gas prices for months or maybe years while things wind through the courts? There is a political risk that BC motorists may become grumpy and start to blame their own government for it.

Up until now there was no economic risk for BC to oppose the pipeline expansion, but Bill 12 creates a new type of uncertainty, this time one that could hurt BC.

I think you mean criminal contempt, not civil contempt. The difference is that civil contempt is used in a dispute between individuals (ie. a divorced couple where one party is refusing to pay child support in violation of a court order) whereas criminal contempt deals with actions that directly attack the administration of justice, and is considered more serious than civil contempt.

As for the pipeline issue, it’s more than a little ironic that BC would sue Alberta for cutting off transportation of oil, when that seems to be what the BC government wants! I mean with the Site C dam we could probably manage with only electric cars, but we won’t have the capacity for a few more years.

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